BADM: Biological, Ancillary, Disturbance, and Metadata

About BADM

Biological, Ancillary, Disturbance, and Metadata (BADM) are non-continuous information that describe and compliment continuous flux and meteorological (Flux/Met) data. BADM include general site description, metadata about the sensors and their setup, maintenance and disturbance events, and biological and ecological data that characterize a site’s ecosystem.

BADM are submitted and distributed following BADM Standards that describe variables, units, and requirements. The BADM Standards are co-developed and used by AmeriFlux, ICOS, FLUXNET and other networks.

How to Download and Submit BADM

Downloading Download AmeriFlux BADM (BIF) at the AmeriFlux Download Data page.
An explanation of the BADM Interchange Format (BIF) Data Product is available here.
Submitting To Submit BADM to AmeriFlux, see BADM Submission Instructions.


BADM Standards

Download the BADM Standards that are grouped into similar types of BADM. The standards files were previously called templates.

BADM-Site_General_Info v2020 (MS Excel)
BADM-Disturbance_and_Management v2016 (MS Excel)
BADM-Instrument_Ops v2017 (MS Excel)
BADM-Instrument v2020 (MS Excel)
BADM-VegCover v2020 (MS Excel)
BADM-Soil v2017 (MS Excel)

[1] View (pdf) or download (MS Excel) an example of a completed BADM-Site-General-Info Standards File.

The following standards are being updated. To view these standards, request them at [email protected].


General Instructions for Reporting BADM via Standards Files (MS Excel)

  • Use column D and higher in the first worksheet to enter your information. Only use the columns past D when you have more than one entry that you need to put in a row. If you have nothing to enter in a row, leave it blank.
  • Do not enter information in shaded columns.
  • Variables with units of LIST(xxx)—see second worksheet in each file—should use only the choices listed.
  • Enter all values in the units requested. For numeric entries, use only numbers (no letters or symbols).
  • Fill in the submitter’s name—whoever is filling in the file (likely you).
  • See Explanations, the third worksheet, for variable groups that must be reported together.
    • Column A lists the variable groups.
    • Column C has a “p” if a variable is the primary variable for a group of variables. It is required.
    • Column D lists an “r” if a variable is a required qualifier for a primary variable. For example, if H2O is entered for FLUX_MEASUREMENTS_VARIABLE in the BADM-Site-General-Info Standards File, the FLUX_MEASUREMENTS_DATE_START is required.

Instrument Ops BADM Step-by-Step Instructions

Instrument BADM Step-by-Step Instructions

Instrument Ops & Instrument BADM FAQs


B E Law, T Arkebauer, J L Campbell, J Chen, Osbert Sun, Mark Schwartz, Catharine van Ingen, Shashi Verma (2008). Terrestrial carbon observations: Protocols for vegetation sampling and data submission. Global Terrestrial Observing System, Rome.

Papale, D., Canfora, E. & Polidori, D. ICOS Ecosystem Instructions for Use the ICOS BADM (Version 20171013), ICOS Ecosystem Thematic Centre (2017).