Soil Co2efflux In Contrasting Boreal Deciduous And Coniferous Stands And Its Contribution To The Ecosystem Carbon Balance

  • Sites: CA-Oas, CA-Obs, CA-Ojp
  • Publication Type: JOUR
  • Authors: GAUMONT-GUAY, D.; BLACK, T. A.; MCCAUGHEY, H.; BARR, A. G.; KRISHNAN, P.; JASSAL, R. S.; NESIC, Z.

  • Similar nonsteady-state automated chamber systems were used to measure and partition
    soil CO2 efflux in contrasting deciduous (trembling aspen) and coniferous (black spruce
    and jack pine) stands located within 100km of each other near the southern edge of the
    Boreal forest in Canada. The stands were exposed to similar climate forcing in 2003,
    including marked seasonal variations in soil water availability, which provided a unique
    opportunity to investigate the influence of climate and stand characteristics on soil CO2
    efflux and to quantify its contribution to the net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) as
    measured with the eddy-covariance technique. Partitioning of soil CO2 efflux between
    soil respiration (including forest-floor vegetation) and forest-floor photosynthesis
    showed that short- and long-term temporal variations of soil CO2 efflux were related
    to the influence of (1) soil temperature and water content on soil respiration and (2)
    below-canopy light availability, plant water status and forest-floor plant species composition
    on forest-floor photosynthesis. Overall, the three stands were weak to moderate
    sinks for CO2 in 2003 (NEE of 103, 80 and 28 gCm2 yr1 for aspen, black spruce and
    jack pine, respectively). Forest-floor respiration accounted for 86%, 73% and 75% of
    annual ecosystem respiration, in the three respective stands, while forest-floor photosynthesis
    contributed to 11% and 14% of annual gross ecosystem photosynthesis in the
    black spruce and jack pine stands, respectively. The results emphasize the need to
    perform concomitant measurements of NEE and soil CO2 efflux at longer time scales in
    different ecosystems in order to better understand the impacts of future interannual
    climate variability and vegetation dynamics associated with climate change on each
    component of the carbon balance


  • Journal: Global Change Biology
  • Funding Agency: —
  • Citation Information:
  • Volume: 15
  • No: 5
  • Pages: 1302-1319
  • Publication Year: 2009/05
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01830.x