On Estimating Canopy Photosynthesis And Stomatal Conductance In A Deciduous Forest With Clumped Foliage
Publication Type: JOUR Authors: Baldocchi, D. D.; Hutchison, B. A.
The foliage in a fully-leafed deciduous forest canopy is clumped. Consequently, theory indicates that the probability of beam penetration will be estimated more accurately with a model based on the negative binomial distribution than with a model based on the Poisson distribution, incorporating an assumption of a spherical leaf inclination angle distribution. Flux densities of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) were measured in and above a deciduous forest canopy and were computed with the canopy radiative transfer models based on the negative binomial and Poisson distributions. These radiation values were used to compute canopy photosynthesis and stomatal conductance. Canopy photosynthesis and stomatal conductance, based on the negative binomial model, overestimated values computed from measured PAR profiles by 8 and 9%. respectively. The canopy photosynthesis and stomatal conductance values computed with the spherical Poisson model under-estimated measured values by 17 and 10%, respectively. Thus, the negative binomial radiative transfer model improves estimates of canopy photosynthesis and, to a lesser extent, stomatal conductance, inside a deciduous forest.
Journal: Tree Physiology
Funding Agency: —
Publication Year: 1986