Disturbance And The Resilience Of Coupled Carbon And Nitrogen Cycling In A North Temperate Forest

  • Sites: US-UMd
  • Nave, L.E., Gough, C.M., Maurer, K.D., Bohrer, G, Hardiman, B.S., Le Moine, J., Munoz, A.B., Nadelhoffer, K.J., Sparks, J.P., Strahm, B.D., Vogel, C.S., Curtis, P.S. (2011) Disturbance And The Resilience Of Coupled Carbon And Nitrogen Cycling In A North Temperate Forest, Journal Of Geophysical Research, 116(G04016), n/a-n/a. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JG001758
  • Funding Agency: —

  • Much of our biogeochemical understanding of forest disturbances comes from studies of severe or stand-replacing events, which may have different impacts on coupled carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling than subtler disturbances affecting only a fraction of the canopy. We measured a suite of interdependent C and N cycling processes following an experimental disturbance that accelerated mortality of the early successional canopy dominants (39% of basal area) in an aging secondary forest, hypothesizing that this subtle, spatially diffuse disturbance would temporarily decouple C and N cycles by decreasing belowground C allocation and thereby alter N cycling rates and pathways. We postulated that a short-term decrease in ecosystem C uptake and an increase in N leaching would accompany this decoupling, but that concomitant increases in N availability and uptake by later successional species would promote rapid resilience of coupled C-N cycles along new, stable trajectories. Disturbance decreased belowground C allocation and soil respiration, accelerated root turnover, and decreased root mass. These perturbations increased forest floor NH4+ and NO3 availability and NO emission, and declining root function caused water stress and N deficiency in senescent trees. Foliar N and leaf area increased in later successional trees, suggesting that enhanced N uptake supported new leaf area production. Two years after disturbance, N leaching losses and the decline in net ecosystem CO2 exchange were small, suggesting that coupled C-N cycling was resilient to this subtle experimental disturbance. Therefore, compared with the severe disturbances reported in the literature, our subtle disturbance likely will have different effects on longer-term forest biogeochemical trajectories.