A Canopy Stomatal Resistance Model For Gaseous Deposition To Vegetated Surfaces

  • Sites: US-WBW
  • Baldocchi, D. D., Hicks, B. B., Camara, P. (1987/01) A Canopy Stomatal Resistance Model For Gaseous Deposition To Vegetated Surfaces, Atmospheric Environment, 21(1), 91-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(87)90274-5
  • Funding Agency: —

  • A gaseous deposition model, based on a realistic canopy stomatal resistance submodel, is described, analyzed and tested. This model is designed as one of a hierarchy of simulations, leading up to a “big-leaf” model of the processes contributing to the exchange of trace gases between the atmosphere and vegetated surfaces. Computations show that differences in plant species and environmental and physiological conditions can affect the canopy stomatal resistance by a factor of four. Canopy stomatal resistances to water vapor transfer computed with the present model are compared against values measured with a porometer and computed with the Penman-Monteith equation. Computed stomatal resistances from a soybean canopy in both well-watered and water-stressed conditions yield good agreement with test data. The stomatal resistance submodel responds well to changing environmental and physiological conditions. Model predictions of deposition velocities are evaluated for the case of ozone, transferred to maize. Calculated deposition velocities of O3 overestimate measured values on the average by about 30%, probably largely as a consequence of uncertainties in leaf area index, soil and cuticle resistances, and other modeling parameters, but also partially due to imperfect measurement of O3 deposition velocities.