Net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange (NEE) was measured in a northern temperate grassland near Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada for three growing seasons using the eddy covariance technique. The study objectives were to document how NEE and its major component processes—gross photosynthesis (GPP) and total ecosystem respiration (TER)—vary seasonally and interannually, and to examine how environmental… More

in    0

Comparisons were made among Douglas-fir forest, aspen (broad leaf deciduous) forest and wheatgrass (C3) grassland for ecosystem-level water-use efficiency (WUE). WUE was defined as the ratio of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation rate and evapotranspiration (ET) rate. The ET data measured by eddy covariance were screened so that they overwhelmingly represented transpiration. The three sites used in… More

in    0

We measured the molecular and carbon isotopic composition of major leaf wax compound classes in northern mixed mesic prairie species (Agropyron smithii, Stipa viridula, Bouteloua gracilis, Tragopogon dubius) and in selected crops (Triticum aestivum, Brassica napus, Hordeum vulgare, Medicago sativa) of southern Alberta and also in aerosols collected 4 m above the prairie canopy. Our aims… More

in    0

We measured the stable isotope ratio of respired carbon dioxide at two spatial scales in a black spruce forest in northern Canada: CO2 released from the forest floor and CO2 released from the entire ecosystem at night. Despite wide variation in the δ13C values of organic matter among above-ground plant species, and along a continuum… More

in    0

The development of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) simulations is one of the ongoing efforts in the land surface schemes of climate models. The C- and N-coupled Canadian Land Surface Scheme (C-CLASS) was recently modified to better represent grassland ecosystems. Improvements include revised plant growth and senescence calculations that are driven by the plant C… More

in    0

Our objective was to measure the carbon isotope ratio of CO2 released by respiration (δr) within forest canopies at different times during the growing season and to use this information to estimate forest ecosystem carbon isotope discrimination. We made measurements in the three major forest types (black spruce, jack pine, and aspen) at the southern… More

in    0