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Tower_team:
PI: Alessandro Araujo alessandro.araujo@gmail.com - Embrapa Eastern Amazon
AncContact: Antonio Manzi manzi@inpa.gov.br - INPA
AncContact: Antonio Nobre anobre@ltid.inpe.br - INPE
DataManager: Leila do Socorro Monteiro Leal leilas_leal@yahoo.com.br - Embrapa Eastern Amazon
DataManager: Paulo Ricardo Teixeira paulo.ricardo.teixeira@gmail.com - INPA
Technician: Leonardo Ramos de Oliveira loliveira@inpa.gov.br - INPA
Lat, Long: -2.6091, -60.2093
Elevation(m): 130
Network Affiliations: AmeriFlux, LBA
Vegetation IGBP: EBF (Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: Lands dominated by woody vegetation with a percent cover >60% and height exceeding 2 meters. Almost all trees and shrubs remain green year round. Canopy is never without green foliage.)
Climate Koeppen: Af (Tropical rain forest)
Mean Annual Temp (°C): 26.68
Mean Annual Precip. (mm): 2252
Flux Species Measured: CO2, H2O
Years Data Collected: 1999 - Present
Years Data Available:No data available
Data Use Policy:AmeriFlux Legacy Policy
Description:
The K34 tower is deployed in a medium elevation plateau in the Cuieiras Biological Reserve, a primary forest area, property of INPA, 60Km north of Manaus, ...
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URL: http://lba2.inpa.gov.br/index.php/torres/torres-amazonas/k34
Research Topics:
Acknowledgment:
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Use the information below for citation of this site. See the Data Policy page for more details.

DOI(s) for citing BR-Ma2 data

Data Use Policy: AmeriFlux Legacy Policy

  • No DOIs available for BR-Ma2

To cite BADM downloaded as a BIF file, use the publications listed below.

Publication(s) for citing site characterization

Acknowledgements

Resources

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Note: Results are the number of downloads to distinct data users. The Download Count column indicates the number of times the data user downloaded the data. The Version column refers to the version of the data product for the site that was downloaded by the data user.

Year Range

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MODIS NDVI

The time series shows the 16-day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) average from the MOD13Q1 data product.
Use the slider below the time series to zoom in and out.

Includes all pixels that have acceptable quality

To view / download these data and other MOD13Q1 products for this site, visit MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices.

For other related products, visit MODIS/VIIRS Fixed Sites Subsets Tool.

Citation:

ORNL DAAC. 2018. MODIS and VIIRS Land Products Fixed Sites Subsetting and Visualization Tool. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1567

Read more on how to cite these MODIS products. Data come from NASA’s MODIS instruments installed on satellites Terra and Aqua, which scan the entire Earth’s surface every one to two days.

MODIS NDVI subsetted data is not yet available for this site.

For a complete list of AmeriFlux sites, visit ORNL DAAC's MODIS/VIIRS Fixed Sites Subsets Tool.

Year Publication
2019 Paca, V. H., Espinoza-Dávalos, G. E., Hessels, T. M., Moreira, D. M., Comair, G. F., Bastiaanssen, W. G. (2019) The Spatial Variability Of Actual Evapotranspiration Across The Amazon River Basin Based On Remote Sensing Products Validated With Flux Towers, Ecological Processes, 8(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13717-019-0158-8
2019 Paca, V. H., Espinoza-Dávalos, G. E., Hessels, T. M., Moreira, D. M., Comair, G. F., Bastiaanssen, W. G. (2019) The Spatial Variability Of Actual Evapotranspiration Across The Amazon River Basin Based On Remote Sensing Products Validated With Flux Towers, Ecological Processes, 8(1), . https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1186/s13717-019-0158-8
2002 Araújo, A. C., Nobre, A. D., Kruijt, B., Elbers, J. A., Dallarosa, R., Stefani, P., von Randow, C., Manzi, A. O., Culf, A. D., Gash, J. H. C., Valentini, R., Kabat, P. (2002) Comparative Measurements Of Carbon Dioxide Fluxes From Two Nearby Towers In A Central Amazonian Rainforest: The Manaus Lba Site, Journal Of Geophysical Research, 107(D20), . https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JD000676
2004 Chambers, J. Q., Tribuzy, E. S., Toledo, L. C., Crispim, B. F., Higuchi, N., Santos, J. d., Araújo, A. C., Kruijt, B., Nobre, A. D., Trumbore, S. E. (2004) Respiration From A Tropical Forest Ecosystem: Partitioning Of Sources And Low Carbon Use Efficiency, Ecological Applications, 14(sp4), 72-88. https://doi.org/10.1890/01-6012
2010 Smith, P., Lanigan, G., Kutsch, W. L., Buchmann, N., Eugster, W., Aubinet, M., Ceschia, E., Béziat, P., Yeluripati, J. B., Osborne, B., Moors, E. J., Brut, A., Wattenbach, M., Saunders, M., Jones, M. (2010) Measurements Necessary For Assessing The Net Ecosystem Carbon Budget Of Croplands, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 139(3), 302-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2010.04.004
2004 Keller, M., Alencar, A., Asner, G. P., Braswell, B., Bustamante, M., Davidson, E., Feldpausch, T., Fernandes, E., Goulden, M., Kabat, P., Kruijt, B., Luizão, F., Miller, S., Markewitz, D., Nobre, A. D., Nobre, C. A., Priante Filho, N., da Rocha, H., Silva Dias, P., von Randow, C., Vourlitis, G. L. (2004) Ecological Research In The Large-Scale Biosphere– Atmosphere Experiment In Amazonia: Early Results, Ecological Applications, 14(sp4), 3-16. https://doi.org/10.1890/03-6003
2011 Bonan, G.B., Lawrence, P.J., Oleson, K.W., Levis, S., Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Lawrence, D.M., Swenson, S.C. (2011) Improving Canopy Processes In The Community Land Model Version 4 (CLM4) Using Global Flux Fields Empirically Inferred From FLUXNET Data, Journal Of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 116(G2), n/a-n/a. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010jg001593
2013 Stoy, P. C., Mauder, M., Foken, T., Marcolla, B., Boegh, E., Ibrom, A., Arain, M. A., Arneth, A., Aurela, M., Bernhofer, C., Cescatti, A., Dellwik, E., Duce, P., Gianelle, D., van Gorsel, E., Kiely, G., Knohl, A., Margolis, H., McCaughey, H., Merbold, L., Montagnani, L., Papale, D., Reichstein, M., Saunders, M., Serrano-Ortiz, P., Sottocornola, M., Spano, D., Vaccari, F., Varlagin, A. (2013) A Data-Driven Analysis Of Energy Balance Closure Across FLUXNET Research Sites: The Role Of Landscape Scale Heterogeneity, Agricultural And Forest Meteorology, 171-172, 137-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.11.004
2010 Schwalm, C. R., Williams, C. A., Schaefer, K., Arneth, A., Bonal, D., Buchmann, N., Chen, J., Law, B. E., Lindroth, A., Luyssaert, S., Reichstein, M., Richardson, A. D. (2010) Assimilation Exceeds Respiration Sensitivity To Drought: A FLUXNET Synthesis, Global Change Biology, 16(2), 657-670. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01991.x
2004 Baker, T. R., Phillips, O. L., Malhi, Y., Almeida, S., Arroyo, L., Di Fiore, A., Erwin, T., Killeen, T. J., Laurance, S. G., Laurance, W. F., Lewis, S. L., Lloyd, J., Monteagudo, A., Neill, D. A., Patino, S., Pitman, N. C., M. Silva, J. N., Vasquez Martinez, R. (2004) Variation In Wood Density Determines Spatial Patterns Inamazonian Forest Biomass, Global Change Biology, 10(5), 545-562. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00751.x
2014 Wei, S., Yi, C., Hendrey, G., Eaton, T., Rustic, G., Wang, S., Liu, H., Krakauer, N. Y., Wang, W., Desai, A. R., Montagnani, L., Tha Paw U, K., Falk, M., Black, A., Bernhofer, C., Grünwald, T., Laurila, T., Cescatti, A., Moors, E., Bracho, R., Valentini, R. (2014) Data-Based Perfect-Deficit Approach To Understanding Climate Extremes And Forest Carbon Assimilation Capacity, Environmental Research Letters, 9(6), 065002-n/a. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/065002
2007 Luyssaert, S., Inglima, I., Jung, M., Richardson, A. D., Reichstein, M., Papale, D., Piao, S. L., Schulze, E., Wingate, L., Matteucci, G., Aragao, L., Aubinet, M., Beer, C., Bernhofer, C., Black, K. G., Bonal, D., Bonnefond, J., Chambers, J., Ciais, P., Cook, B., Davis, K. J., Dolman, A. J., Gielen, B., Goulden, M., Grace, J., Granier, A., Grelle, A., Griffis, T., Grxfcnwald, T., Guidolotti, G., Hanson, P. J., Harding, R., Hollinger, D. Y., Hutyra, L. R., Kolari, P., Kruijt, B., Kutsch, W., Lagergren, F., Laurila, T., Law, B. E., Le Maire, G., Lindroth, A., Loustau, D., Malhi, Y., Mateus, J., Migliavacca, M., Misson, L., Montagnani, L., Moncrieff, J., Moors, E., Munger, J. W., Nikinmaa, E., Ollinger, S. V., Pita, G., Rebmann, C., Roupsard, O., Saigusa, N., Sanz, M. J., Seufert, G., Sierra, C., Smith, M., Tang, J., Valentini, R., Vesala, T., Janssens, I. A. (2007) CO2 Balance Of Boreal, Temperate, And Tropical Forests Derived From A Global Database, Global Change Biology, 13(12), 2509-2537. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01439.x
2004 Kruijt, B., Elbers, J. A., von Randow, C., Araújo, A. C., Oliveira, P. J., Culf, A., Manzi, A. O., Nobre, A. D., Kabat, P., Moors, E. J. (2004) The Robustness Of Eddy Correlation Fluxes For Amazon Rain Forest Conditions, Ecological Applications, 14(sp4), 101-113. https://doi.org/10.1890/02-6004
2010 Mahecha, M. D., Reichstein, M., Carvalhais, N., Lasslop, G., Lange, H., Seneviratne, S. I., Vargas, R., Ammann, C., Arain, M. A., Cescatti, A., Janssens, I. A., Migliavacca, M., Montagnani, L., Richardson, A. D. (2010) Global Convergence In The Temperature Sensitivity Of Respiration At Ecosystem Level, Science, 329(5993), 838-840. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1189587
2004 Bond-Lamberty, B., Wang, C., Gower, S. T. (2004) A Global Relationship Between The Heterotrophic And Autotrophic Components Of Soil Respiration?, Global Change Biology, 10(10), 1756-1766. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00816.x
2009 Fisher, J.B., Malhi, Y., Bonal, D., Rocha, H.R.D., Araújo, A.C.D., Gamo, M., Goulden, M.L., Hirano, T., Huete, A.R., Kondo, H., Kumagai, T., Loescher, H.W., Miller, S., Nobre, A.D., Nouvellon, Y., Oberbauer, S.F., Panuthai, S., Roupsard, O., Saleska, S., Tanaka, K., Tanaka, N., Tu, K.P., Randow, C.V. (2009) The Land €“Atmosphere Water Flux In The Tropics, Global Change Biology, 15(11), 2694-2714. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01813.x
2010 Lasslop, G., Reichstein, M., Papale, D., Richardson, A. D., Arneth, A., Barr, A., Stoy, P., Wohlfahrt, G. (2010) Separation Of Net Ecosystem Exchange Into Assimilation And Respiration Using A Light Response Curve Approach: Critical Issues And Global Evaluation, Global Change Biology, 16(1), 187-208. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02041.x

BADM for This Site

Access the Biological, Ancillary, Disturbance and Metadata (BADM) information and data for this site.

BADM contain information for many uses, such as characterizing a site’s vegetation and soil, describing disturbance history, and defining instrumentation for flux processing. They complement the flux/met data.

* Online updates are shown on the Overview tab real time. However, downloaded BADM files will not reflect those updates until they have been reviewed for QA/QC.

No wind rose data is available at this time.