We measured net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) using the eddy covariance (EC) technique for 4 years at adjoining old field (OF), planted pine (PP) and hardwood forest (HW) ecosystems in the Duke Forest, NC. To compute annual sums of NEE and its components – gross ecosystem productivity (GEP) and ecosystem respiration (RE) – different ‘flux… More

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The effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 (CO2e) on soil respiration were evaluated using inverse models and static chamber measurements collected over 4.5 years in a maturing loblolly pine forest. The chamber measurements of forest floor CO2 efflux showed that the flux enhancement increased progressively, reaching 1.4 after 3 years, but declined thereafter to 1.10 at… More

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Triggers of summertime convective rainfall depend on numerous interactions and feedbacks, often compounded by spatial variability in soil moisture and its impacts on vegetation function, vegetation composition, terrain, and all the complex turbulent entrainment processes near the capping inversion. To progress even within the most restricted and idealized framework, many of the governing processes must… More

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The relationship between actual (Eact) and potential (Ep) transpiration above a grass-covered forest clearing was investigated numerically and experimentally from simultaneous measurements of soil moisture content profiles, mean meteorological conditions, turbulent heat and water vapor fluxes in the atmospheric surface layer, and soil hydraulic properties for two drying periods. The relationship between Eact/Ep was found… More

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Soil surface CO2 flux (RS) is overwhelmingly the product of respiration by roots (autotrophic respiration, RA) and soil organisms (heterotrophic respiration, RH). Many studies have attempted to partition RS into these two components, with highly variable results. This study analyzes published data encompassing 54 forest sites and shows that RA and RH are each strongly… More

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Forest floor CO2 efflux (Fff) depends on vegetation type, climate, and soil physical properties. We assessed the effects of biological factors on Fff by comparing a maturing pine plantation (PP) and a nearby mature Oak-Hickory-type hardwood forest (HW). Fff was measured continuously with soil chambers connected to an IRGA during 2001–2002. At both sites, Fff… More

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