Photosynthesis And Respiration Of Black Spruce At Three Organizational Scales: Shoot, Branch And Canopy
Publication Type: JOUR Authors: Rayment, M. B.; Loustau, D.; Jarvis, P. J.
To gain insight into the function of photosynthesis and respiration as processes operating within a global ecosystem, we measured gas exchange of mature black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) trees at three organizational scales: individual shoots, whole branches and a forest canopy. A biochemical model was fitted to these data, and physiological parameters were extracted. Pronounced seasonal variation in the estimated model parameters was found at all three organizational scales, highlighting the need to make physiological measurements throughout the year. For example, it took over 100 days for physiological activity to increase from zero during the springtime thaw to its yearly maximum. Good agreement was found between parameter values estimated for the different organizational scales, suggesting that, in the case of aerodynamically rough, largely mono-specific forest canopies, physiological parameters can be estimated from eddy covariance flux measurements. The small differences between photosynthetic parameters estimated at the different scales suggest that the overall spatial organization of photosynthetic capacity is nearly optimized for carbon uptake at each scale.
Journal: Tree Physiology
Funding Agency: —
Publication Year: 2002/03/01