Characteristics Of Evapotranspiration From A Permafrost Black Spruce Forest In Interior Alaska

  • Sites: US-Prr
  • Publication Type: JOUR
  • Authors: Nakai, T.; Kim, Y.; Busey, R. C.; Suzuki, R.; Nagai, S.; Kobayashi, H.; Park, H.; Sugiura, K.; Ito, A.

  • Here, the year 2011 characteristics of evapotranspiration and the energy budget of a black spruce forest underlain by permafrost in interior Alaska were explored. Energy balance was nearly closed during summer, and the mean value of the daily energy balance ratio (the ratio of turbulent energy fluxes to available energy) from June to August was 1.00, though a large energy balance deficit was observed in the spring. Such a deficit was explained partly by the energy consumed by snowmelt. Ground heat flux played an important role in the energy balance, explaining 26.5% of net radiation during summer. The mean daily evapotranspiration of this forest during summer was 1.37 mm day−1 – considered typical for boreal forests. The annual evapotranspiration and sublimation yielded 207.3 mm year−1, a value much smaller than the annual precipitation. Sublimation accounted for 8.8% (18.2 mm year−1) of the annual evapotranspiration and sublimation; thus, the sublimation is not negligible in the annual water balance in boreal forests. The daytime average decoupling coefficient was very small, and the mean value was 0.05 during summer. Thus, evapotranspiration from this forest was mostly explained by the component from the dryness of the air, resulting from the aerodynamically rough surface of this forest.


  • Journal: Polar Science
  • Funding Agency: —
  • Citation Information:
  • Volume: 7
  • No: 2
  • Pages: 136-148
  • Publication Year: 2013/06
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.polar.2013.03.003