Soil water content and soil matric potential were monitored during 2 years at two neighboring ridge-top sites in an oak-hickory stand on a Typic Paleudult forest soil with cherty silt loam texture. Hydraulic gradients and soil water contents showed distinct seasonal variation. Soil water dynamics and water budgets were simulated with a soil-plant-atmosphere water flow… More

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This paper focuses on how canopy structure, its physiological functioning and the environment interact to control and drive the exchange of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor between a temperate forest stand and the atmosphere. First, we present an overview of how temporal and spatial variations in canopy structure (e.g., leaf area index, species, leaf… More

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To evaluate indicators of whole-tree physiological responses to climate stress, we determined seasonal, daily and diurnal patterns of growth and water use in 10 yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) trees in a stand recently released from competition. Precise measurements of stem increment and sap flow made with automated electronic dendrometers and thermal dissipation probes, respectively,… More

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Global climatic change may cause changes in regional precipitation that have important implications for forest growth in the southern United States. In 1993, a stand-level experiment was initiated on Walker Branch Watershed, Tennessee, to study the sensitivity of forest saplings and large trees to changes in soil water content. Soil water content was manipulated by… More

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Labile carbon, although often a small fraction of soil organic carbon (SOC), significantly affects heterotrophic respiration at short timescales because of its rapid decomposition. However, in the current literature, most soil respiration measurements are interpreted without simultaneous information on labile carbon pool dynamics. Sensitivity of soil respiration to temperature is routinely derived directly from field… More

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Seasonal variations in solar elevation, canopy phenology and leaf pigmentation result in a dynamic variation in the radiation regime within a deciduous forest. Measurements of several insolation components taken within an east Tennessee oak-hickory forest during eight combinations of season and phenological conditions of the canopy are presented. Insolation measurements were made with instruments mounted… More

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The advent of long-term studies on CO2 and water vapor exchange provides us with new information on how the atmosphere and biosphere interact. Conventional time series analysis suggests that temporal fluctuations of weather variables and mass and energy flux densities occur on numerous time scales. The time scales of variance that are associated with annual… More

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