Globally, soil organic matter (SOM) contains more than three times as much carbon as either the atmosphere or terrestrial vegetation. Yet it remains largely unknown why some SOM persists for millennia whereas other SOM decomposes readily—and this limits our ability to predict how soils will respond to climate change. Recent analytical and experimental advances have… More

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It is necessary to partition eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide exchange into its offsetting gross fluxes, canopy photosynthesis, and ecosystem respiration, to understand the biophysical controls on the net fluxes. And independent estimates of canopy photosynthesis (G) and ecosystem respiration (R) are needed to validate and parametrize carbon cycle models that are coupled with… More

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To determine factors controlling the carbon dynamics of an intensively managed landscape, we measured net CO2 exchange with the atmosphere using eddy covariance and soil CO2 fluxes using static chambers along a chronosequence of slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii) plantations consisting of a recent clearcut, a mid-rotation (10-yr-old) stand, and a rotation-aged (24-yr-old) stand…. More

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We measured net atmospheric exchanges of energy and water vapor using eddy covariance along a chronosequence of Pinus elliottii plantations in north Florida: a recent clear-cut, a mid-rotation stand, and a 24-year-old, rotation-aged stand. Reflected energy averaged 0.26 of incoming solar radiation at the clear-cut and 0.18 at the closed-canopy stands. The sum of sensible… More

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In this paper, the one-dimensional, process-based soil CO2 model (PATCIS) described in Part 1 is parameterized and validated with field data collected in a mature slash pine plantation in Florida. The results of a model sensitivity analysis show that CO2 efflux in the plantation is most sensitive to soil temperature and associated parameters and that… More

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Phenological observations were used in conjunction with destructive sampling and measurements of plant cover to determine the aboveground seasonal dynamics, annual aboveground net primary production (ANPP), and responses to fertilizer applications of the rhizomatous, perennial, understory species, saw palmetto (Serenoa repens (Bartr.) Small), in a north-central Florida pine ecosystem. Phenology was not significantly affected by… More

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